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to  expand,  but  without  definitive  conclusions   It is impossible to do justice the complexity of
            or  consensus.  Technical  investigations,  such   the theology or the science on the multidimen-
            as  neural  localization  studies  that  show  brain   sional concept of the invisible body, but it is a
            changes correlated with prayer, add further di-    concept  worthy  of  consideration.  I  thank  Dr.
            mensions but still do not solve the basic dilem-   Wojcieszek for stretching the bounds of imagi-
            ma. Our “invisible” bodies are clearly more than   nation, and providing renewed appreciation for
            the sum of their parts.                            the wonders of the human body and its Creator.
                                                               In contemplating our created bodies, we need
            From a psychological perspective, the “invisib-    continual  humility  and  acceptance  of  myste-
            le body” relates to issues of identity discussed   ry. And we must never forget the invisible one
            in the previous issue of the EMCAPP journal.       who created them, is present in them, and holds
            There  are  challenges  of  definition,  and  social,   them together.
            developmental,  and  religious  aspects  to  this.
            How one perceives and presents their body is       He is the image of the invisible God, the first-
            shaped  by  psychological  and  cultural  factors.   born of all creation; for in him all things in hea-
            Traumatized people may have dissociated iden-      ven  and  on  earth  were  created,  things  visible
            tities, or disintegrated selves. People with shame   and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or
            desire to be invisible. The internet, even though   rulers or powers—all things have been created
            plagued with “selfies,” also allows some degree    through him and for him. He himself is before
            of invisibility. Some people inflict pain on their   all things, and in him all things hold together.
            bodies in order to feel. Newer trauma therapies    (Col 1: 15–17)
            note the importance of engaging the body in the
            recovery process (somatic therapies). We teach     References:
            mindfulness to help people be more connected       Boleyn-Fitzgerald, Miriam. Pictures of the Mind: What
            to their bodies and selves, which can then help    the New Neuroscience tells us about who we are. Upper
                                                               Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, FT Press, 2010.
            with connection to others and God. The good        Dickerson, Matthew. The Mind and the Machine: What
            news, as Wojcieszek notes, is that we are not our   it means to be Human and why it Matters. Grand Rapids:
            bodies – biology is not destiny. We can change     Brazos, 2011.
            both our bodies and our perception of them.        Green, Joel B. and Stuart L. Palmer (eds.) In Search of the
            However, we are embodied beings, with some         Soul: Four Views of the Mind-Body Problem. Downers
                                                               Grove: IVP, 2005.
            sort of invisible soul and/or spirit. From a Chri-  Jeeves, Malcolm (ed.) Rethinking Human Nature: A Mul-
            stian perspective, we are created in the image     tidisciplinary Approach. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2011.
            of God, promised everlasting life, and even new    Peterson,  James  C.  Changing  Human  Nature:  Ecology,
            bodies. Theological questions of origins, teleo-   Ethics, Genes and God. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2010
            logy, and ultimacy add more dimensions to the
            concept of the “invisible body.” What happens at
            death? What is unique about the human body?
            Our awareness of it? Our capacity for reflecting
            and relating to our Creator?

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