Page 10 - EMCAPP-Journal No. 17
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it  goes:  plans  with  friends  are  cancelled;   up  or  harmonising  the  things  inside  each
             a restless child is awake in the night (and       individual.  Thirdly,  with  the  general  pur-
             therefore so are you!); a new dinner reci-        pose of human life as a whole: what man
             pe didn’t work out. Two problems arise for        was made for: what course the whole fleet
             the average modern Westerner. First, our          ought to be on: what tune the conductor
             desire for pleasure is thwarted, and the ori-     of the band wants it to play” (Lewis, 2015,
             entation of our entitled heart is exposed.        p. 72). I suggest the modern American the-
             Second, we are sad to lose a genuine good,        rapeutic and entitlement culture, over in-
             and we do suffer a real loss.                     vests in the second concern—harmonizing
                                                               the self. Lewis continues, that to think well
             Approaching the Problem of Loss                   about morality, we must address all three
             These  two  problems  of  living  drive  dis-     relations;  relations  within  man  (internal),
             content.  To  address  them  we  must  first      between man (relational), and the power
             address our standing in the world. Charles        that made him (redemptive history). Given
             Taylor  and  C.S.  Lewis  each  provide  fertile   that Christians believe humans are embo-
             inquiry into the human condition that as-         died, and operate within relationships and
             sists us as we consider our two problems,         the structure of wider creation, both Lewis
             and subsequently how to support clients.          and Taylor’s contentions are formative for
             Taylor (1991) has critiqued the current po-       the Christian. In combination they provide
             pular belief that an authentic self, rests on     significant  guidance  on  living  well  within
             self-fulfillment. In short, he disagrees that     daily repetitive cycles of good and loss. One
             persons define their own purpose, identity,       way to think about a Christian orientation
             preferences, and joy, and should pursue this      to  life  is  to  acknowledge  and  live  accor-
             self-construal  to  find  happiness.  Instead,    ding to the meaning and morality structu-
             Taylor argues for a different understanding       res of: Horizon 1—the embodied self (with
             of people, suggesting we can only discover        emotions,  perceptions,  and  interpretive
             the authentic self, purpose and identity, in      ability that allows a dialogue of sorts with
             relationship  with  others  as  we  dialogue,     the self), Horizon 2—community (immedi-
             oppose, limit, experience, or find proximity      ate  and  broader  systems  of  relationships
             to something or someone else. He argues           and  influence),  and  Horizon  3—the  Bibli-
             that objective sources of meaning and mo-         cal World (with its grand design, purpose,
             rality ultimately exist independent of one’s      and redemptive historical arc). Each Hori-
             own will or personal satisfaction, and can-       zon stakes some claim in organizing what
             not be escaped. Taylor calls the sources of       it  means  for  any  one  person  to  live  well
             meaning  and  morality  ‘Horizons  of  Signi-     within redemptive history.
             ficance’. We might call some of these sour-
             ces ‘communities of significance’, because        Scripture and Horizons of Significance
             the influence of family, friends, and politics    The life of the Corinthian Christians in scrip-
             cannot be ignored. In this manner, the Re-        ture  provides  an  opportunity  to  observe
             demptive  Historical  narrative  believed  by     the  three  Horizons  in  the  apostle  Paul’s
             Christians  classifies  as  an  important  Hori-  thinking. In 1 Corinthians Paul addresses a
             zon of Significance.                              litany of practices associated with worldly
                                                               living as these young Christians have prio-
             Turning to work of C.S. Lewis, we find his        ritized  Horizon  1  and  2.  Brendsel  (2019)
             consideration of the question of morality.        comments that it was the Corinthians “eve-
             Lewis suggested that living well is concer-       ryday, culturally conditioned walk that cla-
             ned  with  three  things.  “Firstly,  with  fair   rifies, crystalizes, and, we can add, cultiva-
             play and harmony between individuals. Se-         tes their fleshliness, their foolishness, their
             condly, with what might be called tidying         thrall to the wisdom of the world” (p. 14).

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